POSTED: 16 Aug 2023

Best Keratosis Pilaris Treatments, Here’s How To Get Rid of Rough and Bumpy Skin

Rough and bumpy skin is very common and the most common cause is a condition called keratosis pilaris. It usually presents as small, hard bumps on your arms, and legs but can also affect other parts of the body. In this article we’re going to explore what causes keratosis pilaris and the best way to treat keratosis pilaris and get rid of rough and bumpy skin.

What is Keratosis Pilaris?

Often termed ‘chicken skin’, keratosis pilaris is a harmless, non contagious skin condition that causes tiny, rough bumps on the skin. These bumps are often light coloured, sometimes red but they don’t itch or hurt. They usually appear on the upper arms and thighs. However, it can affect other parts of the body like the buttocks, chest, back, forearms, lower legs, groin, armpits and even the face. Technically, keratosis pilaris can appear anywhere on the body, except for the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, since these areas don’t have hair follicles. It is usually hard to get rid of keratosis pilaris but there are many good options to improve its appearance.

What Causes Keratosis Pilaris?

Keratosis pilaris occurs as a result of the buildup of keratin. This is a hard protein that protects the skin from harmful substances and infections. This buildup forms a plug that blocks the opening of a hair follicle. The exact reason for this buildup remains unclear, but it’s believed to be related to genetic factors or other dry skin conditions like atopic dermatitis (eczema). For those with skin of colour, the plugged hair follicles might also make the skin look darker or uneven.

Other Skin Conditions That Cause Rough and Bumpy Skin

Whilst keratosis pilaris has a unique appearance, there are several other skin conditions that might be mistaken for it. Here are some conditions that cause small bumps or similar texture to keratosis pilaris:

Folliculitis

This is an inflammation of the hair follicles. It is often caused by bacterial or fungal infections. Unlike keratosis pilaris, folliculitis can be itchy or painful. It may also present with red, pustule-like bumps.

Atopic Dermatitis

Also known as eczema, this can cause itchy and inflamed skin. Affected areas can appear dry, scaly and occasionally have tiny bumps.

Acne

This is a common skin condition that involves the oil glands. It can result in a variety of lesions including whiteheads, blackheads and inflamed bumps. Acne mainly affects the face, but can also be found on the neck, back, chest and shoulders.

Molluscum Contagiosum

This viral skin infection results in round, firm and non painful bumps. These may become itchy, red or inflamed.

Heat Rash (Prickly Heat or Miliaria)

In general, this is caused by blocked sweat ducts. Heat rash leads to small, itchy and red bumps.

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

This rare skin condition can cause red, scaly patches that contain small bumps. It can also thicken the skin on the palms and soles.

Ichthyosis Vulgaris

This is a genetic skin disease that leads to dry, scaling skin and sometimes small bumps.

Psoriasis

This is a chronic autoimmune condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It forms scales and red patches that can be itchy and painful.

Keratosis Follicularis (Darier’s Disease)

Another genetic condition, this causes rough, hard bumps on the skin, especially the chest, back, ears and forehead. The bumps are warty and have a greasy appearance.

If you are experiencing symptoms that you believe might be keratosis pilaris, but you’re unsure, you should consult a dermatologist.

How to Treat Keratosis Pilaris

Whilst totally harmless, keratosis pilaris is a common beauty concern. Although there’s no quick way to get rid of rough and bumpy skin caused by keratosis pilaris. There are however, many good treatments that can significantly improve the skin’s appearance. Here’s how to treat keratosis pilaris properly.

Avoid Triggers

Whilst keratosis pilaris is largely a genetic condition, certain factors can worsen its appearance. Start by reducing or getting rid of potential triggers. This will speed up or improve the results of your treatments.

  • Dry Weather: the bumps are often more obvious in dry and cold weather due to reduced humidity. This can lead to drier skin.
  • Dry Skin: this can worsen the roughness and bumpiness of keratosis pilaris which often exists alongside dry skin conditions like eczema.
  • Hormonal Changes: some women report that their keratosis pilaris becomes more visible during menopause, pregnancy or their menstrual cycle. This suggests there might be a possible hormone link.
  • Friction: constant rubbing from tight clothing can irritate the skin which can worsen keratosis pilaris.
  • Harsh Soaps and Skincare: products that dry out the skin or disrupt its natural barrier can worsen keratosis pilaris. Try to use gentle moisturising cleansers instead of harsh soaps.
  • Excessive Scrubbing or Exfoliation: Whilst gentle exfoliation can help reduce rough and bumpy skin, aggressive scrubbing can inflame the skin and worsen the condition.
  • Allergies: some people report flare ups linked to certain allergens. However, this is a less common trigger and not well known.

Skincare

Beyond avoiding triggers or aggravating factors, skincare is the best way to treat keratosis pilaris. These are the most effective over-the-counter skincare and prescription treatments that can help get rid of rough and bumpy skin.

Exfoliation

Using a gentle exfoliant can help remove the keratin buildup. Look for body scrubs or creams with alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), beta hydroxy acid (BHA) or urea. A soft, bristle brush or wash cloth can also be used to exfoliate the skin during a shower or bath. However, avoid aggressive scrubbing, which can irritate the skin and worsen the keratosis pilaris.

Moisturisers

This is key to improving the appearance of keratosis pilaris. You need a hydrating, emolliating and occlusive moisturiser. Look for creams containing ingredients like urea, lactic acid, glycerin and ceramides. These will both moisturise and exfoliate the skin. Apply your moisturiser immediately after bathing, while the skin is still damp, to lock in water.

Retinoids

Try over the counter body retinol to further exfoliate the skin, unclog pores and smooth texture. Prescription retinoid creams like Tretinoin can be up to 20x stronger than over-the-counter retinoids. They promote cell turnover to clear up pores and can fade hyperpigmentation caused by keratosis pilaris. Other prescription retinoids include Adapalene and Tazarotene.

Steroids

Topical steroids, or corticosteroids, are commonly used to treat a variety of skin conditions due to their anti-inflammatory properties. When it comes to keratosis pilaris topical steroids are not a first line treatment and won’t help get rid of it. However your doctor might give you a steroid cream to treat very red and inflamed areas for a short period.

Professional Skin Treatments

Whilst over-the-counter and prescription skincare are the main treatments for keratosis pilaris, there are also professional treatments that can improve on your results. Below are the most common professional skin treatments that can help improve rough and bumpy skin.

Chemical Peels

This requires application of a chemical solution to exfoliate the skin. Chemical peels can help unclog pores and smooth the skin’s texture. Mild to medium peels normally containing glycolic or lactic acid are usually used for keratosis pilaris.

Microdermabrasion

This is a non invasive procedure where the outer layer of dead skin cells is physically exfoliated using a hand held device. By removing this layer, the skin can feel more smooth.

Laser Therapy

Certain types of laser treatments can help improve redness and texture. Pulsed light and fractional lasers are two common types used to treat rough and bumpy skin.

Dermaplaning

This exfoliating treatment requires a trained professional who using a surgical scalpel will gently scrape off the top layer of dead skin cells. Whilst it’s mainly used for facial treatments, it is sometimes used for smaller areas of keratosis pilaris.

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

This is a two step treatment that involves putting a photosensitising agent to the skin and then exposing it to a specific wavelength of light. It’s more commonly used for conditions like acne, but some dermatologists might use it for severe cases of keratosis pilaris.

Can You Get Rid of Keratosis Pilaris?

It’s important to understand that while treatments can improve the appearance of keratosis pilaris, they might not completely get rid of it. However, the good news is that this condition usually improves with age. You can still get great results with a consistent skincare routine and guidance from a skincare professional.

Keratosis pilaris is a very common and entirely benign condition. However its rough and bumpy texture can be a major beauty concern and it can be hard to treat keratosis pilaris. By understanding its root causes, staying away from triggers and using a regular skincare routine, you can achieve smooth and clearer skin. If you have severe keratosis pilaris, have it on delicate areas like your face or groin or aren’t sure what the cause of your rough and bumpy skin is then seek professional medical advice. If you are considering professional skin treatments then please ensure that you see a qualified and experienced practitioner. They will help you select the best treatment for you and reduce any risks or side effects that can occur.

We passionately believe that skincare is first and above all personal. Our virtual clinic offers safe and effective prescription strength treatments like Tretinoin for conditions like acnehyperpigmentationmelasma and skin ageing. Book a virtual appointment with one of our doctors or fill in our online consultation form today and take your first step towards great skin.

SOURCES

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/keratosis-pilaris/

https://cityskinclinic.com/different-types-of-acne-and-how-to-treat-them/

https://cityskinclinic.com/skincare-skin-of-colour/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547754/

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/atopic-dermatitis

https://cityskinclinic.com/skin-concerns/causes-acne-treatment/

https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/molluscum-contagiosum/index.html

https://dermnetnz.org/topics/miliaria

https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/7401/pityriasis-rubra-pilaris/

https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/ichthyosis-vulgaris-treatment

https://www.psoriasis.org/about-psoriasis/

https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/keratosis-follicularis/

https://cityskinclinic.com/menopause-skin-changes/

https://cityskinclinic.com/alpha-hydroxy-acids-ahas/

https://cityskinclinic.com/beta-hydroxy-acids-bhas/

https://cityskinclinic.com/moisturiser-creams-with-tretinoin/

https://cityskinclinic.com/tretinoin-vs-retinol/

https://cityskinclinic.com/guides/the-definitive-guide-to-tretinoin/

https://cityskinclinic.com/what-causes-hyperpigmentation/

https://cityskinclinic.com/tretinoin-adapalene/

https://cityskinclinic.com/tazarotene-or-tretinoin/

https://cityskinclinic.com/guides/chemical-peels-guide/

https://cityskinclinic.com/guide-to-laser-skin-treatments/

https://cityskinclinic.com/obagi-skincare/obagi-treatment-menu/obagi-tretinoin/

https://cityskinclinic.com/treatments/acne-treatment/

https://cityskinclinic.com/treatments/hyperpigmentation-treatment/

https://cityskinclinic.com/treatments/melasma-treatment/

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https://cityskinclinic.com/online-booking/

Authored by:

Dr Amel Ibrahim
Aesthetic Doctor & Medical Director
BSC (HONS) MBBS MRCS PHD
Founder City Skin Clinic
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Associate Member of British Association of Body Sculpting GMC Registered - 7049611

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